As I promised here is the Avant-gardes third and ultimate part.
ART AFTER WW2
From the second half of the twentieth century New York replaced Paris in his role as artistic center, being a land where no one has lived the war devastation .
The artwork becomes an object of consumption within the capitalist system, multiplying museums, modern art collections, biennials and exhibitions.
Solomon Guggenheim New York.
There is a limit avalanche currents imprecise engaged each other and in that mix different artistic languages.
The traditional techniques and materials will be displaced, and unconventional media were used as the body itself.
From the 80 there will be a plurality of trends that continues today.
The last quarter century artists introduce themes that reflect concern, globalization, immigration, feminism, the environment …
It takes place during the 40s and 50s in New York.
The automatic will significantly surrealists in abstract expressionism.
Recovers art passion for art. The painting is thus an event, an encounter between the artist and the material used.
It is a gesture painting used in expressive colors and large formats.
The artist is interested in being perceived almost total body involvement in the creative process.
We know two fold: 1. Action Painting (action painting)
2. paint color fields (color field painting)
Pollock action painting
Rothko colour fields painting.
It was in Europe that the United States Abstract Expressionism, although the differences between the two movements are remarkable.
The informalistas felt disillusioned by Western culture, refusing the traditional way of painting.
Although abstraction are attracted sometimes include figurative elements.
Investigated with various materials (sand, plaster, dirt, rocks, etc.). Creating works that were called matéricas.
Lucio Muñoz picture.
The so-called «popular art» emerged in the decade of the 50 in Britain and the United States as opposed to abstract expressionism that had opened a gulf of misunderstanding between art and viewer.
The Pop recovers figuration to that art can be understood by the public.
They use more elements of everyday consumer society more recognizable by the public on foot: banners, packaging, comic strips, or the faces of the figures in the music world and the world of Hollywood.
Seriation introduced in the art world, this is the same picture is repeated several times in different colors in the same box.
Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.
In the 60s a number of trends emerge as an alternative to abstract trends prevailing in Europe and the U.S.
These proposals call for rendering realistic images more or less, in each case on the basis of different criteria.
Many of these trends maintain connections with Pop Art
Within this new configuration highlights the work of Francis Bacon. Using isolated deformed figures and claustrophobic interiors, English painter reflected this better than anyone the feeling of uneasiness of his time.
Meanwhile the new French realism is closer to reality through a process of appropriation of elements of the consumer society, recycling, accumulating them, compressing or packing them.
In narrative figuration resort to television, film, advertising and the comic to raise a critical conception of society.
The Hyperrealism point making photography; their representations are to pursue a greater realism to the camera, illusionists and paradoxical recovering procedures.
Gran Vía Antonio López.
In the first half of the 60 was developed in the U.S. a current exalted pictorial geometry, crisp lines, hard outlines, expository simplicity and the primacy of color.
Attach more importance to analysis to action or emotion
Employ nontraditional media forms that just determining the compositions.
OPTIC AND KINETIC ART
• The expression of the movement is the main concern of these two abstract tendencies.
• The works are composed of elements are arranged methodically optical illusion, the cause virtual motion on the retina of the viewer on a flat surface.
• The viewer has an active role in the contemplation of the work.
• kinetic art refers to all works that reflect the different types of motion.
• When considering the two dimensions of insufficient canvas usually make sculptures, installations and mobile materials like aluminum, steel or plastic.
• The OP ART refers to works that are based on optical and visual sensations that are perceived by the human eye.
• The mechanisms used in the aim to generate a sense of virtual movement in the viewer’s retina.
These three artistic trends have in common time of onset in the early 60s, and his reaction to the commodification of art.
Minimalism is characterized by extreme simplification from geometric shapes industrial look.
The organic materials used Povera and poor in order to disrupt the viewer’s reflection.
Land Art wants to remove the artwork from the Museum, for transfer to the nature.
Deserts, glaciers, rivers and fields are to support artists remnants of his works, trying that they come alive in the solitude of space.
Sol LeWitt, Mario Merz and Richard Long.
It was a movement that appeared in the mid-60s and remained until well into the 70s.
Is influenced by the Readymades of Marcel Duchamp.
Ideas and concepts are more important than the finished work of art.
It rejects the idea of the art object as a commodity.
They are ephemeral art forms, used by artists of various schools and countries since the 50s.
BODY ART The artist uses her body as an expressive and artistic support, in order to investigate the physical and psychological reactions it has to different stimuli.
The word means HAPPENING event.
In an attempt to relate art and life, the public is actively involved in actions which mixes elements of different languages (music, theater, painting ..)
The PERFORMANCE also combines elements of theater, music and visual arts.
It differs from the Happening where actions are planned, and there is no active public participation.
Gilbert & George Performance artists
Allan Kaprow Happenings maker
POSTMODERN TRENDS AND ART TO XXI CENTURY
From the 80 is in crisis the concept of art, giving way to postmodernism.
It revises and reinterprets the past. Many streams retake the painting as an expressive medium.
Currents arise neo-expressionist figuration that retrieve and subjectivity.
Its members, under some influence romantic and a great sense of nationalism, expressed through violent language.
Its members are like nomads who roam the historic tradition of artistic movements, to take from each what meets their aspirations plastic.
And express their vitality and their own conscience.
In the same vein born this current abstract expressionist influences of artists like Schnabel
. A significant aspect is the rise of photography, which is presented below as the sovereign work instrument in its own right.
. It is also important to emphasize the importance that has taken the art of peripheral sites, in a globalized world (Africa, Latin America, and Asia) breaking the dominance of Western art as well as that done by women.
. In recent years there have been new support for the arts as a result of technological breakthroughs in communication.
. The audiovisual media, computer, and Internet have made alternative ways of expression that are reflected in the new forms of art.
A complex, multifaceted and exciting reality in the nowadays art. Hope you enjoy!